GBIF(Global Biodiversity Information Facility) is a massive international science project to help the world use bio-diversity data more freely and openly via the Internet.
Especially, this project is focused on sharing scientific bio-diversity information for the sake of science, society and a sustainable future. The members of GBIF are composed of state governments, economic organizations, or international organizations. The origin of GBIF was a group of scientists and public officials who were brought together by the Sub-Group under the OECD Science Forum, to form a working group on bio-diversity information and bio-information studies in 1996. In the final report, the sub-group suggested that the OECD member states should take a leading role to form an organization which is:
In June 1999 during an OECD ministry-level meeting, the ministers of science departments approved the report of the sub-group. However, they decided that GBIF should be established as an independent organization which is open to all nations, rather than being established under the aegis of the OECD. According to the MOU signed by these ministers, the missions of GBIF include the following; To closely cooperate with existing programs that publish, maintain, and use information resources, especially with the Convention on Biological Diversity and CHM (Clearing House Mechanism), as well as governments and international organizations (UNEP, UNESCOE, or other similar organizations). As a result of this approval, a temporary executive committee was formed to prepare the MoU for GBIF, which is open to all nations and international organizations interested in bio-diversity issues. In October 2000, the MoU, which contained the detailed objectives, operations, budgets, procedures, and timelines for the establishment of GBIF as well as essential organizational issues, was passed unanimously. The MoU was sent to every government in the world to be signed, with an invitation letter for membership. In March 2001, the conditions for establishing GBIF were fulfilled, and GBIF was born as a new international organization.
To provide accessibility, standardization, and interoperability for the bio-diversity database.
Board of Directors (One representative from each member state), Executive committee (12 members including the Chair of the board, vice chair, Chair of the Standing committee), Standing Committee(Node/Budget/Science committee), Administrative Office
94 countries, organizations, international organizations, (54 member countries and 40 organizations/international organizations)